ABOUT

The Macedonian justice sector is facing constant challenges in the light of on-going reforms, which are taking place in the past ten years, led by the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) and comprising all judicial institutions, with the support of international partners. The EU projects within the IPA instrument for pre-accession assistance have been active throughout the past years of judicial reforms and are still in paste with the reform process, supporting the needs of the country and its institutions in this area, with the intention to provide assistance with the best EU practices in the EU Member States. This EU funded Project under the IPA 2010 service contract aims at further support to independent, accountable, professional and efficient judiciary and promotion of probation service. The Project has been designed and proportioned to provide practical and effective results, having in mind the conclusions and recommendations from relevant previous projects, the recommendations of the European Commission stated in the latest progress reports for the country, and the draft Justice Sector Reform Strategy 2015-2020 (JSRS) which is currently in development.
 

The Project shall focus on two components, i.e. Component 1 – designed to provide support to the judiciary with special emphasis on JC, CPP, AJP, courts and PPO in order to strengthen their independence, accountability, professionalism and efficiency, targeting the performance management, strategic planning, case and HR management, and Component 2 which will have a more specific target, focused exclusively on support to the development of a new Probation Service by providing legislative support of the new system, capacity building for the institutional development and its substantial development and efficient execution of alternative measures, supporting primarily MOJ and its Directorate for Execution of Sanctions (DES).

 

Having in mind the results expected from Component 1 and the activities that are to be implemented, the Project Team will pay special attention to the specific needs of each of the Component beneficiaries, and in this direction, some adjustments to the activities will be made during its implementation to cater the changes introduced in the system since the TOR was developed and the contract was launched. The main focus in this Component will be on the development of the judiciary and prosecutorial governance and management, including the improvement of institutions and functions in strategic and budgetary planning, communication, performance management, ethical and disciplinary oversight, in accordance with the priorities identified in reports by EU and other informed observers, sources of soft and hard law (such as GRECO recommendations or ECHR judgments), existing national policies in the justice sector and the draft JSRS. While some of the positive changes might already start taking place by reason of the recent adoption by Parliament of the new package of legislation on the courts and AJP, the Project will remain mindful of the need to not only implement the existing legislation but also further develop the regulatory framework in line with the above standards and best European practices. Promotion of transparency in judicial decision-making, uniformity of practice and more effective use of information systems will be additional key tasks. Support to the professional training system – built around AJP – will be among the main channels in providing the assistance. As mentioned above, the Project will also act as a bridge between various on-going or planned EU activities, in order to tie them in a coherent and sustainable future EU-financed Justice Sector Support Programme. At the same time, avoidance of overlap and promotion of synergies with other donors will also guide the Project Team in designing the scope and extent of the suggested interventions. The overall result of Component 1 will be to enhance and boost the performance of the courts and PPO, in turn laying groundwork for increasing the society’s trust in these institutions in particular, and the system of the administration of justice in general. 

 

Component 2 will contribute to striking a balance between the interests of the prevention of crime on the one hand, and the promotion of rehabilitation and re-socialisation on the other. The current lack of an individualised, evidence-based approach to crime prevention is attested by the underuse of alternative sanctions. While the Strategy and Action Plan for the Development of the Probation Service 2013-2016 (‘Probation Strategy’) was developed with the assistance of donors, significant pro-activeness is yet to be seen in its implementation. The Project will help mobilise national and international expert resources in order to give a sufficient push to realise these policies in practice. The Project will first and foremost help elaborate the Probation Law to address these issues, envisaging various forms of probation, including pre-trial probation providing information and assessments to the judiciary, supervision of offenders under court orders in the community, penitentiary probation preparing prisoners for release, and supervised release on parole in order to tackle the problem of reoffending. The Project will help the transformation of DES and other institutions in order to set up a functional modern probation authority compliant with European standards and best practices. This will require effective collaboration with the judiciary, prosecutors and a wide range of agencies providing relevant services to rehabilitate and manage offenders in the community, including the Ministries of Health, Interior and Labour, local authorities and civil society organisations. A comprehensive institutional development of the probation services will require improvements in the regulatory framework, better managed and trained human resources, advanced infrastructure such as offices and information systems, modern intervention methods and processes, and a reviewed inspection and performance management framework.

 

 

News

ROUND TABLE

Probation - Conditional Release, Community Work and the New ...

PUBLIC DEBATE

Legal Solutions of the draft-Law on Probation and Establishm ...

COMPONENT 2

Support to Probation Service and Efficient Execution of Alte ...

TRANSPARENCY EVENT-ROUND TABLE

Greater transparency of Justice and uniformity of practice t ...

JUDICIAL ETHICS TRAINING

Judicial Ethics and Integrity of Judges to face External Pre ...

COMPONENT 1

Support to Judiciary, with Special Focus on JC, CPP, AJP, co ...

Study Visit to Cardiff, UK

...

Study Visit to Vilnius, Lithuania

...

ROUND TABLE

Probation - Conditional Release Framework ...

CONSLULTATIVE EVENT

DRAFT-COMMUNICATION MANUAL OF COURTS WITH THE PUBLIC ...

CONSULTATIVE EVENT

Macedonian Justice Sector Reform Strategy (JSRS) 2015-2020 ...